Every guitar player knows that they should be using a metronome to practice… and chances are, they (by which I mean you!) are not using them enough.
Metronome’s are a vital tool to improving your playing, especially if you are wanting to play more technically advanced pieces of music.
However, quite often, even if guitar players are practising with a metronome, they are not using them as effectively as they could be.
And using them more effectively means progressing faster… which is something that we all want.
In today’s article, we’ll talk about why we need to use metronomes, what they do and we’ll look at some examples of how to use them as effectively as possible in our practising.
We’ll also look at some of the most common mistakes people use when practising along to a metronome and their solutions, so that you can have as pain free a time when using your metronome (at least, as pain free as possible).
Why Do We Need To Use a Metronome When Practising Guitar?
We need to use a metronome because something every musician struggles with, guitar players included, is perceiving time accurately.
As an example, go back to the start of this article and try and count to 10 while reading it.
Or stop reading after 10 seconds.
Pretty tricky right?
We face a similar problem when playing guitar, especially if we are working on new material.
I’m sure you’ve experienced working on some new chords, and you slip out of time without realising it when the chord changes come round.
The metronome gives us an external reference to make sure that our timing is accurate.
What Is The Goal Of Using A Metronome?
Often, guitarists think that the purpose of using a metronome to practice, is to play faster.
This is sort of true, but not quite.
The goal of using a metronome when practicing guitar, is to play more accurately.
And once you can play accurately, you will find your speed increasing, quite naturally.
You want to think of speed as a by-product of accurate playing.
There are other things involved with reaching high speeds with your lead guitar playing, but accurate timing is a big one.
Side note: You can check how fast you can play guitar with our guitar speed calculator.
There is a second element to this.
In addition to wanting to practice playing accurately, we want to become comfortable at that tempo.
We want to be able to play at the tempo feeling relaxed, not tensed up, and not pushing the very limit of our ability.
Once we have achieved a level of comfort and reliability (ie being able to play the same exercise two-three times in a row without making mistakes), we can then increase the tempo.
So to summarise, our two goals with using a metronome are:
- To play more accurately.
- To become comfortable at a certain tempo.
The Top 10 Mistakes Guitarists Make When Using a Metronome
Here are some common mistakes that guitar players make when using a metronome, along with solutions that you can use today to help make your guitar practice more effective:
Mistake 1) Not listening to the metronome
This might be an obvious one, but you would be surprised how often it happens.
It is mainly a problem for beginner guitar players who aren’t used to practising with a metronome.
When you use a metronome, you have to do two things at once – listen and play guitar.
And doing these two things at once can be difficult.
It’s common for a beginner to turn their metronome on, start practising… and the second they are playing guitar, they stop listening to the metronome, quickly going out of time.
Now, listening to a metronome and playing guitar at the same time can be quite challenging, but make the mental push to listen to that metronome while you’re playing!
Solution: Push your mental focus to the limit. Mental focus is like a muscle, it will improve with timing. The more you try, the easier it will become.
Jim Rohn has a great quote on this:
But don’t wish – practice.
Mistake 2) Not leaving breaks between repetitions
This sort of ties into the previous problem.
Sometimes when working on an exercise, a guitarist will use the metronome, they will be listening to it, and they will be playing repetitions of the exercise back to back.
The problem with this, is that after a few repetitions it is quite easy to lose mental focus on listening and playing, and you slip into just playing without listening to the metronome.
Let’s illustrate this idea with some tab. Let’s say we were playing the following exercise:
Now, when practising repetitions of this exercise, some guitar players may approach it as follows:
If you look through the tab and compare it to the three bar example that preceded it, you can see that we have taken the scale example and are playing it three times in a row.
I recommend you do not do this. It is easy to lose focus and slip out of time with the metronome.
Often when beginners slip out of they cannot get back in time… and then they sit there playing out of time to the metronome.
A better way to approach this exercise is as follows:
If you look at the above tab, you can see that we have placed a bar of rests between each repetition.
This gives you a chance to refocus, and count yourself back in.
This helps ensure that you are playing each repetition nicely in time with the metronome.
If you need to take two bars, three bars of rests before you come back in, take it. There is no need to rush!
Solution: When practising an exercise to the metronome, make sure you give yourself a little break between repetitions.
This break only needs to be a few seconds, during which you can refocus yourself and come back in.
Mistake 3) Starting to play without listening to 3-4 clicks or counting yourself in
Another common mistake is to put the metronome on and start playing immediately.
When students do this, they never come in on time.
In fact, it is physically impossible to come in on time if you do this.
Let’s think about it for a minute.
The metronome is used to measure the passage of time.
In order to measure a passage of time, you need a start point and an end point.
You need to hear two clicks (at the very least).
If you have only heard one click, it is impossible to know when the second click will be.
And most of us will have to hear 3-4 clicks in order to get a good feel for the timing.
So by coming in too soon, you are guaranteeing that you will not be in time to the metronome.
Solution: When you practice to a metronome, give yourself a 4 beat count in (or whatever is appropriate for the metre you are playing in).
Mistake 4) Not counting out loud to the metronome
This is a weird one.
If ever there was “one weird secret to improving your guitar playing”, this was it.
When I first started teaching, I noticed some students would struggle to play in time to a metronome, even when playing something that was well within their ability level, and at a slow tempo.
For whatever reason, they struggled to count to the metronome, and play the guitar, using only their “internal monologue”.
I found that when I made them count out loud to the metronome, their timing improved dramatically, often playing exercises close to perfect, after they had been butchering it just 10 seconds prior.
I use this myself all the time when learning something new.
Sometimes, it can be quite tricky to get the hang of talking out loud and playing guitar at the same time, but I guarantee, if you put in the time to practice it, it will dramatically improve your timing and accuracy.
Solution: Always count out loud when practising with a metronome. When counting out loud, count confidently, don’t whisper or mumble.
Mistake 5) Not understanding the “count” of what they are playing
Maybe we should have made this an earlier mistake in the list.
A vital part of using a metronome effectively, is to understand the count of the music that you are playing.
What we mean by this is, are we counting “1 2 3 4” to the metronome, or “1 + 2 + 3 + 4 +”, or “1 e + a 2 e + a 3 e + a 4 e + a”, or “1 2 3 2 2 3 3 2 3 4 2 3” or some other method of counting?
Understanding this requires a good understanding of rhythm.
This is when in the members area, we have a whole course on rhythm and strumming – this course breaks down this concept as applied to strumming chords, but it equally applies to everything from strumming to shredding an Yngwie Malmsteen solo.
Solution: Study the theory of rhythm and learn how to count various rhythms. Practice it, so that you can take any rhythm and dissect it.
Mistake 6) Not using the metronome to count every note
This is a mistake I certainly made when I was younger.
I would often use my metronome to count the beat, usually quarter notes.
However, this means that when it comes to playing subdivisions, I was effectively guessing (sometimes more accurately than others!).
For example, if I was playing a section in 16ths and the metronome was counting quarter notes, how would I know if the 16ths that fall between the beat are being played precisely?
Solution: Have your metronome count the smallest subdivision that you are playing. If you are playing an exercise that has 16ths, make sure the metronome is counting 16ths.
Mistake 7) Not counting the start of the bar
This is different to Mistake 3, so please read on.
Another common problem is that, after setting the metronome to count the beat, or smallest subdivision that they are playing, the student starts playing, gets distracted with a tricky section, and an extra metronome click sneaks past without them realising.
This is especially common when working on a difficult chord change.
Maybe you’ve experienced this: You’re strumming away, perfectly in time to the metronome, the chord change comes up, it’s a difficult one, and while you are focussing on moving your fingers to the correct positions, an extra metronome click sneaks past without you realising.
Now, there are various techniques we can use to improve your chord changes, all of which we cover in the members courses.
However, there is a nice simple trick we can use with the metronome to help use catch this mistake when it crops up.
Like a lot of things in life, awareness is half the battle.
Solution: Make sure the metronome has a different sounding “click” on beat 1 of the bar.
After changing the metronome click, you’ll know that if you are half way through a bar and you hear the beat 1 click, that you have messed up and you need to go back and figure out what went wrong… and where.
We’ll look at this extensively towards the end of the article.
Mistake 8) Not keeping a record of your metronome tempos
When practising with a metronome, you will be playing the same exercise for several days, or even weeks, trying to incrementally increase your accuracy… and tempos.
It is well worth keeping a practice log of not just your tempos, but any difficulties you discover.
At the end of each practice session make a note of the tempo you started at, the tempo you reached, and any notes you want to remind yourself of for your practice session tomorrow.
Maybe you need to make a note that a particular section of an exercise had some string noise that you need to fix, or a fret-hand jump that you need to isolate in order to play correctly.
Solution: Download Bear (Mac OSX) or Evernote / OneNote (Windows / Mac). Make sure it is ways open when you practice. Read your notes from yesterday before practice, and make some quick notes after you practice.
Here is a screenshot from some of my recent practice notes:
Mistake 9) Using the wrong type of metronome
This mistake is not so common any more, but some students still make it… I know I did!
There are different types of metronomes, that broadly fall into the four following categories:
- Analogue metronomes. Think of the stick that goes back and forth. A favourite of piano teachers. Avoid using these! They cannot count subdivisions, which is something we require in order to practice as effectively as possible.
- Digital metronomes. These are usually credit card sized boxes that you can simply program. You can usually program subdivisions and change the type of click depending on the beat.
- Apps. There are a ton of apps for metronomes for iOS and Android, of varying quality. The best by far is an app called Soundbrenner. This app is free and is highly recommended – I use it quite a lot and recommend it to all my students. We’ll look at some examples of how to us Soundbrenner for practising guitar shortly.
- Custom programmed metronomes. This is when you make a metronome using a drum track in a program such as Guitar Pro, or Logic Pro. Custom metronomes are fantastic for learning songs. We’ll look at some examples for how to set this up later in the article. These are the best types of metronome we can use. An additional benefit to using a drum metronome is that we can write out the count on the drum part.
Mistake 10) Not taking breaks across large stretches of practice
Something that cannot be stated enough, is that your progress on the guitar is dependent on the quality of your practice, not necessarily the amount of time that you practice.
15 minutes of high quality, focussed, distraction free practice will be 100x more effective than 60 minutes of noodling infront of the TV.
So to get the most from your practice time, it’s important to maintain a high level of focus while you are practising.
If you try and practice to a metronome for a long stretch of time, you will find you rapidly lose focus halfway through.
It is not possible to sit for 60 minutes straight with a metronome, ane have the degree of focus at minute 60, that you did at minute 1.
Solution: Set a timer. Practice for 15 minutes, then take a break for 5 minutes. You can always play the same exercise afterwards for another 15 minutes.
You will find that, by doing this, you can maintain your focus much, much better.
Next, let’s look at three different exercises, and how we can use the Soundbrenner app and a custom drum metronome in Guitar Pro to practice the exercises as effectively as possible.
(You could use MuseScore if you want a free app for making a custom drum metronome).
3 Examples of How to Use Soundbrenner and Guitar Pro to Create a Metronome for Different Guitar Exercises
I’ve chose three different exercises that look at three different areas of guitar playing, to try and provide enough musical situations so that you can make good decisions when programming your metronome.
Chord Playing Exercises
Let’s say we are working on the following chord exercise:
What are some important features of this exercise that we need to think about when programming our metronome?
- Subdivisions. The smallest subdivision that is being used is a quarter note, so we need to ensure the metronome is counting the quarter note.
- Chord changes every bar. We will want to make sure we are counting the start of every bar with the metronome.
Programming Soundbrenner for Practising Chords
when practising this exercise, I would setup Soundbrenner as follows:
You can see that the middle button is set to count quarter notes, and that the first beat (the beats are counted by the squares at the top) is set differently to the following three beats.
Programming a Guitar Pro Drum Track for Practising Chord Changes
In the following examples, we’ll use Guitar Pro to create a custom drum metronome for this exercise.
We have the same requirements that we looked at for soundbrenner, that we want to count the quarter note subdivision and also count the start of each bar.
Additionally, we will write the count on the metronome track, so we can count out loud while practising.
Add a drum track and set the score to “multi track view”. Then program in the drums with something simple to count the beats and the start of the bar like this:
If you put the cursor on each drum note and press “T”, you can enter the count for that particular beat.
As you can see from the above tab, you now know exactly which beat every note in the exercise is on, which makes practising much easier!
Writing the beat on top of the drum part is especially useful if you are new to reading rhythm notation.
Programming a Metronome for an Arpeggio Based Exercise
The next exercise we’ll look at is an arpeggio based exercise:
In this exercise, we’re playing a C#m7 through all it’s inversions, ascending up the neck and back down again. (You can extend the exercise further down the neck, but for brevity I’ve left it as is).
Programming Guitar Pro Drums as a Metronome on Arpeggio Based Exercises
When I first started working on this, I had the metronome playing a metronome beat as follows:
However, I found this slightly problematic. I found myself slipping out of time at higher tempos, especially around the third string. For some reason, I was keeping time nicely when changing positions along the 1st string, with the position changes seeming to act as my timing “anchor”.
But that’s not good enough, I wanted the entire piece in time, so I changed the metronome slightly, using a different sound for the start of beats 2 and 4:
I found this made it much, much easier to stay in time.
If you find yourself struggling with an arpeggio based exercise, try setting up your metronome to play different sounds on the inflexion points (where the arpeggio changes direction).
When practising in general, if you find a particular section of an exercise difficult, you can try changing the metronome at that point to help you maintain focus.
Setting Up Soundbrenner for Electric Guitar Arpeggio Exercises
It is quite easy to setup Soundbrenner to do the above exercise.
Here is Soundrenner setup for playing straight 16ths, counting the start of each beat and counting the start of the bar (like my drum metronome was originally setup):
and here we’ve modified the way Soundbrenner is counting the beat, so that we hear beats 1 and 3 different to 2 and 4:
This is a small change, but I found it really helped. Hopefully, you will also find this beneficial to your practising.
Programming Metronomes for Scale Based Exercises
Here is a pretty standard exercise, working on 3 note per string scales, specifically, the melodic minor scale (which is used a lot in neoclassical guitar playing):
You can see that we are using a 3 note per string melodic minor scale, alternately ascending and descending through scale positions up the neck.
As I previously explained in this article on neoclassical scales for electric guitar, in a classical context the melodic minor scale differs between ascending and descending patterns.
In the above exercise we are using the scale in a rock context, so the scale is the same ascending and descending.
When practising something like this, the important feature is the start of the beat, which is also the first note on each string.
You can see that the scale pattern lasts 1.5 bars (at least, when in 4/4 it does). We could have written the exercise in 6/4 and were I to revisit this exercise, I would do so.
However, when it comes to setting up the metronome, it does not make a difference if we are in 4/4 or 6/4.
We are not so interested in the start of the bar here, just the start of the beat.
Having said that, if you find that it helps you stay in time better to have the start of each pattern counted on the metronome, you can put the exercise in 6/4 and have the metronome count the start of each bar.
So, to count each beat, here is how I would setup the drums on Guitar Pro and the metronome on Soundbrenner:
Writing a Guitar Pro Drum Metronome for a 3 Note Per String Scale Exercise
We would simply have the drums as follows:
Setting up Sounbrenner for a 3 Note Per String Scale Exercise
You should setup Soundbrenner as follows:
As you can see, the start of each beat is the same, and the subdivision is set to triplet eighth notes.
What Tempo Should You Set Your Metronome To?
When it comes to using a metronome, every student has the same question: How fast should I set it?
The answer: I have no idea. Guess at a tempo. If it is too fast, make it slower. If it is too slow, make it faster.
You have to do a little trial and error to find the tempo that you would be working at, but this will only take a few minutes.
Once you have settled in to a particular tempo, make a note of it like I recommended earlier in a note taking app, so you have a reference point for tomorrow.
As you get more experience with practising to a metronome, you’ll get a better feel for where you should start your tempos.
Note: You may find that tomorrow you have to start at a lower tempo and work your way back up to the tempo that you ended on today. This is normal and to be expected. This is something we’ll cover in a future article.
You may even find that tomorrow, you can’t reach the speed you did today. Again, that is normal. If you keep practising, you will find that your average tempo per week gradually increases.
Hopefully after reading through the article, you are now a lot more confident with the following ideas:
- Why we should use a metronome when practising guitar.
- The goal of using a metronome to practice guitar.
- What type of metronome you should use to practice guitar.
- How to setup your metronome for different practice exercises.
- What tempo you should set your metronome to.
I guess all that is left is for you to get out your metronome and get practising!
If you have a question, leave a comment and I’ll get back to you.